Channelpedia

PubMed 12832499


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: Mediation of neuronal apoptosis by Kv2.1-encoded potassium channels.

Authors: Sumon Pal, Karen A Hartnett, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Edwin S Levitan, Elias Aizenman

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2003 Jun 15 , 23, 4798-802

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12832499


Abstract
Cellular K+ efflux is a requisite event in the unfolding of apoptosis programs across many types of cells and death-inducing stimuli; however, the molecular identities of the ion channels mediating this key event have remained undefined. Here, we show that Kv2.1-encoded K+ channels are responsible for the expression of apoptosis in cortical neurons in vitro. Transient expression of two different dominant-negative forms of this subunit in neurons completely eliminated the enhancement of K+ currents that normally accompanies the cell death process. Importantly, neurons deficient in functional Kv2.1-encoded K+ channels were protected from oxidant and staurosporine-induced apoptosis. Finally, Chinese hamster ovary cells, which do not express endogenous voltage-gated K+ channels, became substantially more sensitive to apoptosis after transient expression of wild-type Kv2.1. These results suggest that Kv2.1-encoded K+ channels are necessary for the apoptotic signaling cascade in mammalian cortical neurons in culture and are sufficient for increasing the susceptibility to apoptogens in a nonexcitable cell.