PubMed 12484776

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.3

Title: Engineering-specific pharmacological binding sites for peptidyl inhibitors of potassium channels into KcsA.

Authors: Christian Legros, Christian Schulze, Maria L Garcia, Pierre E Bougis, Marie-France Martin-Eauclaire, Olaf Pongs

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2002 Dec 24 , 41, 15369-75

PubMed link:

The bacterial potassium channel, KcsA, can be modified to express a high-affinity receptor site for the scorpion toxin kaliotoxin (KTX) by substituting subregion I in the P region of KcsA with the one present in the human voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 [Legros, C., Pollmann, V., Knaus, H. G., Farrell, A. M., Darbon, H., Bougis, P. E., Martin-Eauclaire, M. F., and Pongs, O. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 16918-16924]. This approach opened the way to investigate whether sequence differences in subregion I of Kv1 channels correlate with the distinct pharmacological profiles of peptide inhibitors. A panel of six chimeras between KcsA and human Kv1.1-6 were constructed, expressed in Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity, and assessed in filter binding assays using either monoiodo-tyrosine-KTX ([(125)I]KTX) or monoiodo-tyrosine-hongotoxin(1)(A19Y/Y37F) ([(125)I]HgTX(1)(A19Y/Y37F)). The KcsA-Kv1.X chimeras were found to have lower affinities for these ligands than the corresponding mammalian Kv1.X channels, indicating that other parts of the channels may contribute to binding or that subtle structural differences exist between these channels. The properties of the KcsA-Kv1.X chimeras were also characterized in surface plasmon resonance experiments. KcsA-Kv1.3 chimeras were immobilized on the surface of a sensor chip for determining, in real time, binding of the peptides. KTX binding properties to immobilized KcsA-Kv1.3 chimera were similar to those determined by filtration techniques. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the pharmacological profile of peptide toxins can be incorporated into KcsA-Kv1.X chimeras containing the subregion I of the corresponding mammalian Kv1.X channels. This innovative approach may facilitate the high-throughput screening of ligand libraries aimed at the discovery of novel potassium channel modulators.