PubMed 12110680

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClvC4

Title: Focal adhesion kinase activated by beta(4) integrin ligation to mCLCA1 mediates early metastatic growth.

Authors: Mossaad Abdel-Ghany, Hung-Chi Cheng, Randolph C Elble, Bendicht U Pauli

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2002 Sep 13 , 277, 34391-400

PubMed link:

Early metastatic growth occurs at sites of vascular arrest of blood-borne cancer cells and is entirely intravascular. Here we show that lung colonization by B16-F10 cells is licensed by beta(4) integrin adhesion to the mouse lung endothelial Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel protein mCLCA1. In a manner independent of Met, beta(4) integrin-mCLCA1-ligation leads to complexing with and activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and downstream signaling to extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). FAK/ERK signaling is Src-dependent and is interrupted by adhesion blocking antibodies and by dominant-negative (dn)-FAK mutants. Levels of ERK activation in B16-F10 cells transfected with wild-type or mutant FAK are closely associated with rates of proliferation and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) incorporation of tumor cells grown in mCLCA1-coated dishes, the ability to form tumor cell colonies on CLCA-expressing endothelial cell monolayers, and the extent of pulmonary metastatic growth. Parallel with the transfection rates, B16-F10 cells transfected with dn-FAK mutants and injected intravenously into syngeneic mice generate approximately half the number and size of lung colonies that vector-transfected B16-F10 cells produce. For the first time, beta(4) integrin ligation to its novel CLCA-adhesion partner is shown to be associated with FAK complexing, activation, and signaling to promote early, intravascular, metastatic growth.