Channelpedia

PubMed 12695303


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5



Title: In vivo gene transfer of the O2-sensitive potassium channel Kv1.5 reduces pulmonary hypertension and restores hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in chronically hypoxic rats.

Authors: Zlatko I Pozeg, Evangelos D Michelakis, M Sean McMurtry, Bernard Thébaud, Xi-Chen Wu, Jason R B Dyck, Kyoko Hashimoto, Shaohua Wang, Rohit Moudgil, Gwyneth Harry, Richard Sultanian, Arvind Koshal, Stephen L Archer

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2003 Apr 22 , 107, 2037-44

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12695303


Abstract
Alveolar hypoxia acutely elicits pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Chronic hypoxia (CH), despite attenuating HPV, causes pulmonary hypertension (CH-PHT). HPV results, in part, from inhibition of O2-sensitive, voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). CH decreases Kv channel current/expression and depolarizes and causes Ca2+ overload in PASMCs. We hypothesize that Kv gene transfer would normalize the pulmonary circulation (restore HPV and reduce CH-PHT), despite ongoing hypoxia.Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to normoxia or CH for 3 to 4 weeks and then nebulized orotracheally with saline or adenovirus (Ad5) carrying genes for the reporter, green fluorescent protein reporter+/-human Kv1.5 (cloned from normal PA). HPV was assessed in isolated lungs. Hemodynamics, including Fick and thermodilution cardiac output, were measured in vivo 3 and 14 days after gene therapy by use of micromanometer-tipped catheters. Transgene expression, measured by quantitative RT-PCR, was confined to the lung, persisted for 2 to 3 weeks, and did not alter endogenous Kv1.5 levels. Ad5-Kv1.5 caused no mortality or morbidity, except for sporadic, mild elevation of liver transaminases. Ad5-Kv1.5 restored the O2-sensitive K+ current of PASMCs, normalized HPV, and reduced pulmonary vascular resistance. Pulmonary vascular resistance decreased at day 2 because of increased cardiac output, and remained reduced at day 14, at which time there was concomitant regression of right ventricular hypertrophy and PA medial hypertrophy.Kv1.5 is an important O2-sensitive channel and potential therapeutic target in PHT. Kv1.5 gene therapy restores HPV and improves PHT. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first example of K+ channel gene therapy for a vascular disease.