PubMed 12547773

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1

Title: Permeant cations and blockers modulate pH gating of ROMK channels.

Authors: H Sackin, A Vasilyev, L G Palmer, M Krambis

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2003 Feb , 84, 910-21

PubMed link:

External potassium (K) activates the inward rectifier ROMK (K(ir)1.1) by altering the pH gating of the channel. The present study examines this link between external K and internal pH sensitivity using both the two-electrode voltage clamp and the perfused, cut-open Xenopus oocyte preparation. Elevating extracellular K from 1 mM to 10 mM to 100 mM activated ROMK channels by shifting their apparent pK(a) from 7.2 +/- 0.1 (n = 6) in 1 mM K, to 6.9 +/- 0.02 (n = 5) in 10 mM K, and to 6.6 +/- 0.03 (n = 5) in 100 mM K. At any given internal pH, the number of active ROMK channels is a saturating function of external [K]. Extracellular Cs (which blocks almost all inward K current) also stimulated outward ROMK conductance (at constant 1 mM external K) by shifting the apparent pK(a) of ROMK from 7.2 +/- 0.1 (n = 6) in 1 mM K to 6.8 +/- 0.01 (n = 4) in 1 mM K + 104 mM Cs. Surprisingly, the binding and washout of the specific blocker, Tertiapin-Q, also activated ROMK in 1 mM K and caused a comparable shift in apparent pK(a). These results are interpreted in terms of both a three-state kinetic model and a two-gate structural model that is based on results with KcsA in which the selectivity filter can assume either a high or low K conformation. In this context, external K, Cs, and Tertiapin-Q activate ROMK by destabilizing the low-K (collapsed) configuration of the selectivity filter.