PubMed 12816752

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv1.4 , Kv11.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Molecular basis of species-specific expression of repolarizing K+ currents in the heart.

Authors: Stephen Zicha, Isaac Moss, Bruce Allen, András Varró, Julius Papp, Robert Dumaine, Charles Antzelevich, Stanley Nattel

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2003 Oct , 285, H1641-9

PubMed link:

There are important species-specific differences in K+ current profiles and arrhythmia susceptibility, but interspecies comparisons of K+ channel subunit expression are lacking. We quantified voltage-gated K+ channel (Kv) subunit mRNA and protein in rabbits, guinea pigs, and humans. Kv1.4, Kv4.2, and Kv4.3 mRNA was present in rabbits but undetectable in guinea pigs. MinK mRNA concentration in guinea pigs was almost threefold greater versus humans and 20-fold versus rabbits. MinK protein expression in guinea pigs was almost twofold that in humans and sixfold that in rabbits. KvLQT1 mRNA concentration was greatest in humans, and protein expression in humans was increased by approximately 2- and approximately 7-fold compared with values in rabbits and guinea pigs, respectively. The ether-a-go-go-related gene (ERG1) mRNA was more concentrated in humans, but ERG1 protein expression could not be compared across species because of epitope sequence differences. We conclude that important interspecies differences in cardiac K+ channel subunit expression exist and may contribute to the following: 1) lack of a transient outward current in the guinea pig (alpha-subunit transcription absent in the guinea pig heart); 2) small slow delayed rectifier current and torsades de pointes susceptibility in the rabbit (low-level minK expression); and 3) large slow component of the delayed rectifier current in the guinea pig (strong minK expression).