PubMed 11952787

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.3

Title: Purification, characterization and biosynthesis of parabutoxin 3, a component of Parabuthus transvaalicus venom.

Authors: Isabelle Huys, Karin Dyason, Etienne Waelkens, Fons Verdonck, Johann van Zyl, Johan du Plessis, Gert J Müller, Jurg van der Walt, Elke Clynen, Liliane Schoofs, Jan Tytgat

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Biochem., 2002 Apr , 269, 1854-65

PubMed link:

A novel peptidyl inhibitor of voltage-gated K+ channels, named parabutoxin 3 (PBTx3), has been purified to homogeneity from the venom of Parabuthus transvaalicus. This scorpion toxin contains 37 residues, has a mass of 4274 Da and displays 41% identity with charybdotoxin (ChTx, also called 'alpha-KTx1.1'). PBTx3 is the tenth member (called 'alpha-KTx1.10') of subfamily 1 of K+ channel-blocking peptides known thus far. Electrophysiological experiments using Xenopus laevis oocytes indicate that PBTx3 is an inhibitor of Kv1 channels (Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.3), but has no detectable effects on Kir-type and ERG-type channels. The dissociation constants (Kd) for Kv1.1, Kv1.2 and Kv1.3 channels are, respectively, 79 microm, 547 nm and 492 nm. A synthetic gene encoding a PBTx3 homologue was designed and expressed as a fusion protein with the maltose-binding protein (MBP) in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein was purified from the bacterial periplasm compartment using an amylose affinity resin column, followed by a gel filtration purification step and cleavage by factor Xa (fXa) to release the recombinant toxin peptide (rPBTx3). After final purification and refolding, rPBTx3 was shown to be identical to the native PBTx3 with respect to HPLC retention time, mass spectrometric analysis and functional properties. The three-dimensional structure of PBTx3 is proposed by homology modelling to contain a double-stranded antiparallel beta sheet and a single alpha-helix, connected by three disulfide bridges. The scaffold of PBTx3 is homologous to most other alpha-KTx scorpion toxins.