Channelpedia

PubMed 12767914


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3



Title: Ceramide inhibits the potassium channel Kv1.3 by the formation of membrane platforms.

Authors: Jürgen Bock, Ildikò Szabò, Nikita Gamper, Constantin Adams, Erich Gulbins

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2003 Jun 13 , 305, 890-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12767914


Abstract
Previous studies suggested a central role of sphingomyelin- and cholesterol-enriched membrane rafts in the initiation of signaling via many receptors. Here, we investigated the role of membrane rafts for the function of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3. We demonstrate that Kv1.3 localizes in the cell membrane to pre-existing small, sphingolipid- and cholesterol-enriched membrane rafts. Transformation of these small rafts to large ceramide-enriched membrane platforms was achieved by stimulation of the endogenous acid sphingomyelinase, addition of exogenous sphingomyelinase or treatment of the cells with C(16)-ceramide and resulted in clustering of Kv1.3 within ceramide-enriched membrane platforms and inhibition of the channel's activity. Likewise, disruption of pre-existing small rafts inhibited Kv1.3 activity. This indicates that intact small membrane rafts are required for Kv1.3 activity and an alteration of the lipid environment of rafts inhibits Kv1.3. These data, thus, may suggest a novel concept for the regulation of ion channels by the cell membrane composition.