PubMed 11850505

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClCa3 , ClvC4

Title: Comparison of the properties of CLCA1 generated currents and I(Cl(Ca)) in murine portal vein smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Fiona C Britton, Susumu Ohya, Burton Horowitz, Iain A Greenwood

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2002 Feb 15 , 539, 107-17

PubMed link:

Calcium-activated chloride currents (I(Cl(Ca))) have been recorded in various smooth muscle cells but, to date, there has been no information as to the molecular nature of the channel underlying this conductance. We have characterised native I(Cl(Ca)) in freshly dispersed smooth muscle cells isolated from murine portal vein using whole-cell voltage clamp. I(Cl(Ca)) exhibited time-dependent activation at depolarised potentials and rapid deactivation upon repolarisation. The reversal potential of I(Cl(Ca)) was close to the theoretical equilibrium potential (E(Cl)) and was shifted by replacement of external Cl- by SCN- or isethionate. Dithiothreitol (DTT, 1 mM), a blocker of CLCA1, had no effect on the I(Cl(Ca)) current in myocytes. RT-PCR demonstrated the expression of mCLCA1 transcripts, but not mCLCA3 transcripts, in various murine smooth muscle cells including portal vein, as well as cardiomyocytes, and the levels of mCLCA1 transcriptional expression were quantified by real time quantitative RT-PCR. Stable transfection of HEK293 cells with the cDNA encoding mCLCA1 cloned from murine portal vein smooth muscle yielded a current with notable differences in Ca2+ sensitivity, channel kinetics and modulation by DTT from the native I(Cl(Ca)). However, there was some similarity in the pore properties and these data suggest that mCLCA1 alone does not comprise the Cl- channel in portal vein smooth muscle cells.