PubMed 18778403

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Outward-rectifying K+ channel activities regulate cell elongation and cell division of tobacco BY-2 cells.

Authors: Toshio Sano, Natsumaro Kutsuna, Dirk Becker, Rainer Hedrich, Seiichiro Hasezawa

Journal, date & volume: Plant J., 2009 Jan , 57, 55-64

PubMed link:

Potassium ions (K+) are required for plant growth and development, including cell division and cell elongation/expansion, which are mediated by the K+ transport system. In this study, we investigated the role of K+ in cell division using tobacco BY-2 protoplast cultures. Gene expression analysis revealed induction of the Shaker-like outward K+ channel gene, NTORK1, under cell-division conditions, whereas the inward K+ channel genes NKT1 and NtKC1 were induced under both cell-elongation and cell-division conditions. Repression of NTORK1 gene expression by expression of its antisense construct repressed cell division but accelerated cell elongation even under conditions promoting cell division. A decrease in the K+ content of cells and cellular osmotic pressure in dividing cells suggested that an increase in cell osmotic pressure by K+ uptake is not required for cell division. In contrast, K+ depletion, which reduced cell-division activity, decreased cytoplasmic pH as monitored using a fluorescent pH indicator, SNARF-1. Application of K+ or the cytoplasmic alkalizing reagent (NH(4))(2)SO(4) increased cytoplasmic pH and suppressed the reduction in cell-division activity. These results suggest that the K+ taken up into cells is used to regulate cytoplasmic pH during cell division.