PubMed 15292178

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa2 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: Re-expression of detachment-inducible chloride channel mCLCA5 suppresses growth of metastatic breast cancer cells.

Authors: Janel R Beckley, Bendicht U Pauli, Randolph C Elble

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2004 Oct 1 , 279, 41634-41

PubMed link:

The calcium-activated chloride channel hCLCA2 has been identified as a candidate tumor suppressor in human breast cancer. It is greatly down-regulated in breast cancer, and its re-expression suppresses tumorigenesis by an unknown mechanism. To establish a mouse model, we identified the mouse ortholog of hCLCA2, termed mCLCA5, and investigated its behavior in mammary epithelial cell lines and tissues. Expression in the immortalized cell line HC11 correlated with slow or arrested growth. Although rapidly dividing, sparsely plated cells had low levels of expression, mCLCA5 was induced by 10-fold when cells became confluent and 30-fold when cells were deprived of growth factors or anchorage. The apoptosis effector Bax was induced in parallel. Like hCLCA2, mCLCA5 was down-regulated in metastatic mammary tumor cell lines such as 4T1 and CSML-100. Ectopic re-expression in 4T1 cells caused a 20-fold reduction in colony survival relative to vector control. High mCLCA5 expression in stable clones inhibited proliferation and enhanced sensitivity to detachment. Moreover, mCLCA5 was induced in lactating and involuting mammary gland, correlating with differentiation and onset of apoptosis. Together, these results establish mCLCA5 as the mouse ortholog of hCLCA2, demonstrate that mCLCA5 is a detachment-sensitive growth inhibitor, and suggest a mechanism whereby these channels may antagonize mammary tumor progression.