PubMed 15042346

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Slo1

Title: K+ channels in cardiomyocytes of the pulmonate snail helix.

Authors: S A Kodirov, V L Zhuravlev, V K Pavlenko, T A Safonova, J Brachmann

Journal, date & volume: J. Membr. Biol., 2004 Feb 1 , 197, 145-54

PubMed link:

We used the patch-clamp technique to identify and characterize the electrophysiological, biophysical, and pharmacological properties of K(+) channels in enzymatically dissociated ventricular cells of the land pulmonate snail Helix. The family of outward K(+) currents started to activate at -30 mV and the activation was faster at more depolarized potentials (time constants: at 0 mV 17.4 +/- 1.2 ms vs. 2.5 +/- 0.1 ms at + 60 mV). The current waveforms were similar to those of the A-type family of voltage-dependent K(+) currents encoded by Kv4.2 in mammals. Inactivation of the current was relatively fast, i.e., 50.2 +/- 1.8% of current was inactivated within 250 ms at + 40 mV. The recovery of K(+) channels from inactivation was relatively slow with a mean time constant of 1.7 +/- 0.2 s. Closer examination of steady-state inactivation kinetics revealed that the voltage dependency of inactivation was U-shaped, exhibiting less inactivation at more depolarized membrane potentials. On the basis of this phenomenon, we suggest that a channel encoded by Kv2.1 similar to that in mammals does exist in land pulmonates of the Helix genus. Outward currents were sensitive to 4-aminopyridine and tetraethylammonium chloride. The last compound was most effective, with an IC(50) of 336 +/- 142 micro mol l(-1). Thus, using distinct pharmacological and biophysical tools we identified different types of voltage-gated K(+) channels.