PubMed 14555751

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Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Short-term transformation and long-term replacement of branchial chloride cells in killifish transferred from seawater to freshwater, revealed by morphofunctional observations and a newly established 'time-differential double fluorescent staining' techniq

Authors: Fumi Katoh, Toyoji Kaneko

Journal, date & volume: J. Exp. Biol., 2003 Nov , 206, 4113-23

PubMed link:

Short- and long-term responses to direct transfer from seawater to freshwater were examined in gill chloride cells of killifish, which developed distinct freshwater- and seawater-type chloride cells in the respective environments. In a short-term response within 24 h after transfer, seawater-type chloride cells forming a pit structure on the apical surface were transformed into freshwater-type cells equipped with developed microvilli on the flat or projecting apical membrane, via the intermediate type. The transformation process was accompanied by the disappearance of apically located Cl- channel (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) and neighboring accessory cells. Chloride cell replacement was also examined as a long-term adaptation to freshwater transfer, using a newly established 'time-differential double fluorescent staining (TDS)' technique. In the TDS technique, in vivo labeling of chloride cells was performed on two separate days, using two distinguishable mitochondria-specific fluorescent probes. For 3 days after freshwater transfer, 14.7% of seawater-type cells were replaced with newly differentiated freshwater-type cells, whereas these ratios of chloride cell replacement were much lower (1.2% and 1.8%) in seawater- and freshwater-maintained groups, respectively. In consequence, following direct transfer of killifish from seawater to freshwater, seawater-type chloride cells were transformed morphologically and functionally into freshwater-type cells as a short-term response, followed by the promotion of chloride cell replacement as a long-term response.