PubMed 15047570

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2 , Slo1

Title: Diversity of voltage-dependent K+ channels in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Oleksandr Platoshyn, Carmelle V Remillard, Ivana Fantozzi, Mehran Mandegar, Tiffany T Sison, Shen Zhang, Elyssa Burg, Jason X-J Yuan

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2004 Jul , 287, L226-38

PubMed link:

Electrical excitability, which plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling in the pulmonary vasculature, is regulated by transmembrane ion flux in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). This study examined the heterogeneous nature of native voltage-dependent K(+) channels in human PASMC. Both voltage-gated K(+) (K(V)) currents and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) currents were observed and characterized. In cell-attached patches of PASMC bathed in Ca(2+)-containing solutions, depolarization elicited a wide range of K(+) unitary conductances (6-290 pS). When cells were dialyzed with Ca(2+)-free and K(+)-containing solutions, depolarization elicited four components of K(V) currents in PASMC based on the kinetics of current activation and inactivation. Using RT-PCR, we detected transcripts of 1) 22 K(V) channel alpha-subunits (K(V)1.1-1.7, K(V)1.10, K(V)2.1, K(V)3.1, K(V)3.3-3.4, K(V)4.1-4.2, K(V)5.1, K(V) 6.1-6.3, K(V)9.1, K(V)9.3, K(V)10.1, and K(V)11.1), 2) three K(V) channel beta-subunits (K(V)beta 1-3), 3) four K(Ca) channel alpha-subunits (Slo-alpha 1 and SK2-SK4), and 4) four K(Ca) channel beta-subunits (K(Ca)beta 1-4). Our results show that human PASMC exhibit a variety of voltage-dependent K(+) currents with variable kinetics and conductances, which may result from various unique combinations of alpha- and beta-subunits forming the native channels. Functional expression of these channels plays a critical role in the regulation of membrane potential, cytoplasmic Ca(2+), and pulmonary vasomotor tone.