Channelpedia

PubMed 15193421


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Identification and characterization of an L-type Cav1.2 channel in spiral ligament fibrocytes of gerbil inner ear.

Authors: Fenghe Liang, Wei Hu, Bradley A Schulte, Cungui Mao, Chunyan Qu, Debra J Hazen-Martin, Zhijun Shen

Journal, date & volume: Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res., 2004 Jun 18 , 125, 40-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15193421


Abstract
Intracellular free Ca2+ levels are critical to the activity of BK channels in inner ear type I spiral ligament fibrocytes. However, the mechanisms for regulating intracellular Ca2+ levels in these cells are currently poorly understood. Using patch-clamp technique, we have identified a voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ channel in type I spiral ligament fibrocytes cultured from gerbil inner ear. With 10 mM Ba2+ as the conductive cation, an inwardly rectifying current was elicited with little inactivation by membrane depolarization. The voltage activation threshold and the half-maximal voltage activation were -40 and -6 mV, respectively. This inward whole-cell current reached its peak at around 10 mV of membrane potential. The amplitude of the peak current varied among cells ranging from 50 to 274 pA with an average of 132.4 +/- 76.2 pA (n = 19); 10(-6) M nifedipine significantly inhibited the inward currents by 90.3 +/- 1.2% (n = 11). RT-PCR analysis revealed that cultured type I spiral ligament fibrocytes express the alpha1C isoform of the L-type Ca2+ channels encoded by the Cav1.2 gene. The expression of this channel in gerbil inner ear was confirmed by RT-PCR analysis using freshly isolated spiral ligament tissues. The Cav1.2 channel may function in conjunction with a previously identified intracellular Ca-ATPase (SERCA) to regulate intracellular free Ca2+ levels in type I spiral ligament fibrocytes, and thus modulate BK channel activity in these cells.