PubMed 15474044

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv10.1

Title: An episodic ataxia type-1 mutation in the S1 segment sensitises the hKv1.1 potassium channel to extracellular Zn2+.

Authors: Antonella Cusimano, Maria Cristina D'Adamo, Mauro Pessia

Journal, date & volume: FEBS Lett., 2004 Oct 8 , 576, 237-44

PubMed link:

Episodic ataxia type-1 (EA1) is a human neurological syndrome characterized by attacks of generalized ataxia and by continuous myokymia that has been associated with point mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel gene KCNA1. Although important advancement has been made in understanding the molecular pathophysiology of EA1, several disease-causing mechanisms remain poorly understood. F184C is an EA1 mutation that is located within the S1 segment of the human Kv1.1 subunit. Here, we show that the F184C mutation increases approximately 4.5-fold the sensitivity of the channel to extracellular Zn2+. Both Zn2+and Cd2+ markedly alter the activation kinetics of F184C channel. In addition, the mutated channel reacts with several methane thiosulfonate reagents which specifically affected channel function. The results provide structural implications and indicate that sensitisation of hKv1.1 to Zn2+ is likely to contribute to the EA1 symptoms in patients harboring the F184C mutation.