PubMed 15486038

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav2.3 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Kir6.2

Title: Disruption of growth hormone secretion alters Ca2+ current density and expression of Ca2+ channel and insulin-like growth factor genes in rat atria.

Authors: Janice K Larsen, Chien-Chang Chen, Philip M Best

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2005 Feb , 288, H829-38

PubMed link:

The influence of the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis on expression of low-voltage-activated (LVA) Ca2+ current in atrial tissue was investigated using spontaneous dwarf (SpDwf) rats, a mutant strain that lacks GH. Atrial myocytes from SpDwf rats express LVA and high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ currents and the Ca2+ channel alpha1-subunit genes CaV1.2, CaV2.3, CaV3.1, and CaV3.2. LVA current density decreases significantly beginning at, or shortly after, birth in normal animals; however, its density is maintained in SpDwf rats at 1 pA/pF for > or =12 wk after birth. The abundance of mRNAs encoding CaV2.3 and CaV3.2 declines with advancing age in normal atrial development, yet expression of CaV2.3 mRNA remains significantly elevated in older SpDwf animals. Quantitation of local transcript levels for mRNAs encoding IGF-I and IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) also reveals significant differences in expression of these transcripts in atrial tissue of SpDwf animals compared with controls. In SpDwf rats, the abundance of IGF-IR mRNA remains elevated at many postnatal ages, whereas mRNA encoding IGF-I is maintained only in older animals. Physiological concentrations of IGF-I cause two- to threefold increases in LVA current density in primary cultures of atrial myocytes, and this effect is blocked by an antisense oligonucleotide targeting the IGF-IR. Thus disruption of GH production in SpDwf animals alters expression of atrial LVA Ca2+ channel and IGF genes as well as postnatal regulation of LVA Ca2+ current density, most likely acting through compensatory mechanisms via the local IGF-IR.