Channelpedia

PubMed 15563876


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Kv7.1



Title: Mutations in the genes KCND2 and KCND3 encoding the ion channels Kv4.2 and Kv4.3, conducting the cardiac fast transient outward current (ITO,f), are not a frequent cause of long QT syndrome.

Authors: Rune Frank-Hansen, Lars Allan Larsen, Paal Andersen, Cathrine Jespersgaard, Michael Christiansen

Journal, date & volume: Clin. Chim. Acta, 2005 Jan , 351, 95-100

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15563876


Abstract
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a hereditary cardiac arrhythmogenic disorder characterized by prolongation of the QT interval in the electrocardiogram, torsades de pointes arrhythmia, and syncopes and sudden death. LQTS is caused by mutations in ion channel genes. However, only in half of the families is it possible to identify mutations in one of the seven known LQTS genes, why further genetic heterogeneity is expected. The genes KCND2 and KCND3, encoding the alpha-subunits of the voltage-gated potassium channels Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 conducting the fast transient outward current (I(TO,f)) of the cardiac action potential (AP) in the myocardium, have been associated with prolongation of AP duration and QT prolongation in murine models.KCND2 and KCND3 were examined for mutations using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis in 43 unrelated LQTS patients, where mutations in the coding regions of known LQTS genes had been excluded.Seven single nucleotide polymorphismsm (SNPs) were found, two exonic SNPs in KCND2 and three exonic and two intronic in KCND3. None of the five exonic SNPs had coding effect. All seven SNPs are considered normal variants.The data suggest that mutations in KCND2 and KCND3 are not a frequent cause of long QT syndrome.