Channelpedia

PubMed 18815223


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.2 , Kv1.4



Title: The monomeric G proteins AGS1 and Rhes selectively influence Galphai-dependent signaling to modulate N-type (CaV2.2) calcium channels.

Authors: Ashish Thapliyal, Roger A Bannister, Christopher Hanks, Brett A Adams

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2008 Nov , 295, C1417-26

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18815223


Abstract
Activator of G protein Signaling 1 (AGS1) and Ras homologue enriched in striatum (Rhes) define a new group of Ras-like monomeric G proteins whose signaling properties and physiological roles are just beginning to be understood. Previous results suggest that AGS1 and Rhes exhibit distinct preferences for heterotrimeric G proteins, with AGS1 selectively influencing Galphai and Rhes selectively influencing Galphas. Here, we demonstrate that AGS1 and Rhes trigger nearly identical modulation of N-type Ca(2+) channels (Ca(V)2.2) by selectively altering Galphai-dependent signaling. Whole-cell currents were recorded from HEK293 cells expressing Ca(V)2.2 and Galphai- or Galphas-coupled receptors. AGS1 and Rhes reduced basal current densities and triggered tonic voltage-dependent (VD) inhibition of Ca(V)2.2. Additionally, each protein attenuated agonist-initiated channel inhibition through Galphai-coupled receptors without reducing channel inhibition through a Galphas-coupled receptor. The above effects of AGS1 and Rhes were blocked by pertussis toxin (PTX) or by expression of a Gbetagamma-sequestering peptide (masGRK3ct). Transfection with HRas, KRas2, Rap1A-G12V, Rap2B, Rheb2, or Gem failed to duplicate the effects of AGS1 and Rhes on Ca(V)2.2. Our data provide the first demonstration that AGS1 and Rhes exhibit similar if not identical signaling properties since both trigger tonic Gbetagamma signaling and both attenuate receptor-initiated signaling by the Gbetagamma subunits of PTX-sensitive G proteins. These results are consistent with the possibility that AGS1 and Rhes modulate Ca(2+) influx through Ca(V)2.2 channels under more physiological conditions and thereby influence Ca(2+)-dependent events such as neurosecretion.