Channelpedia

PubMed 15564942


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip2a , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3 , Slo1



Title: Interaction of ropivacaine with cloned cardiac Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 complexes.

Authors: Patrick Friederich, Anna Solth

Journal, date & volume: Anesthesiology, 2004 Dec , 101, 1347-56

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15564942


Abstract
Inhibition of cardiac K channels by local anesthetic may contribute to QTc interval prolongation of the electrocardiogram and induction of ventricular arrhythmia. The transient outward current Ito has been identified as a toxicologically relevant target of bupivacaine. S(-)-ropivacaine has been developed as a safer alternative to bupivacaine. The effects of S(-)-ropivacaine on Ito have not been investigated. In human ventricular myocardium, Ito is formed by Kv4.3 and KChIP2.2 subunits. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the effects of S(-)-ropivacaine on human Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 channels.Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 complementary DNA cloned from human heart was transiently transfected in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The pharmacologic effects of S(-)-ropivacaine were investigated with the patch clamp method.Ropivacaine inhibited Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 channels in a concentration-dependent, stereospecific, and reversible manner. The IC50 value of S(-)-ropivacaine for inhibition of the charge conducted by Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 channel was 117 +/- 21 microm (n = 30). The local anesthetic accelerated macroscopic current decline with an IC50 value of 77 +/- 11 microm (n = 30). It shifted the midpoint of channel activation into the depolarizing direction, and it slowed recovery from inactivation without altering steady state inactivation. Kv4.3 channels are more sensitive to the inhibitory effect than Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 channels.: The results are consistent with the idea that ropivacaine, by blocking Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 from the open state, interferes with the gating modifying effects of KChIP2.2 on Kv4.3 channels. Inhibition of Kv4.3/KChIP2.2 channels by the local anesthetic may contribute to the deterioration of cardiac function during events of intoxication.