PubMed 26112439

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5 , Nav1.7

Title: Sustained inhibition of the NaV1.7 sodium channel by engineered dimers of the domain II binding peptide GpTx-1.

Authors: Justin K Murray, Kaustav Biswas, J Ryan Holder, Anruo Zou, Joseph Ligutti, Dong Liu, Leszek Poppe, Kristin L Andrews, Fen-Fen Lin, Shi-Yuan Meng, Bryan D Moyer, Stefan I McDonough, Les P Miranda

Journal, date & volume: Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 2015 Nov 1 , 25, 4866-71

PubMed link:

Many efforts are underway to develop selective inhibitors of the voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 as new analgesics. Thus far, however, in vitro selectivity has proved difficult for small molecules, and peptides generally lack appropriate pharmacokinetic properties. We previously identified the NaV1.7 inhibitory peptide GpTx-1 from tarantula venom and optimized its potency and selectivity via structure-guided analoging. To further understand GpTx-1 binding to NaV1.7, we have mapped the binding site to transmembrane segments 1-4 of the second pseudosubunit internal repeat (commonly referred to as Site 4) using NaV1.5/NaV1.7 chimeric protein constructs. We also report that select GpTx-1 amino acid residues apparently not contacting NaV1.7 can be derivatized with a hydrophilic polymer without adversely affecting peptide potency. Homodimerization of GpTx-1 with a bifunctional polyethylene glycol (PEG) linker resulted in a compound with increased potency and a significantly reduced off-rate, demonstrating the ability to modulate the function and properties of GpTx-1 by linking to additional molecules.