Channelpedia

PubMed 26672256


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir4.1



Title: [EAST/SeSAME syndrome and functional expression of inward rectifier potassium channel Kir4.1 in the inner ear].

Authors: Jing Chen, Hongbo Zhao

Journal, date & volume: Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi, 2015 Jul , 29, 1318-22

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26672256


Abstract
Inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels exhibit an asymmetrical conductance at hyperpolarization (high conductance) compared to depolarization (low conductance). The KCNJ10 gene which encodes an inwardly rectifying K+ channel Kir4.1 subunit plays an essential role in the inner ear and hearing. Mutations or deficiency of KCNJ10 can cause hearing loss with epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness, and renal tubulopathy (EAST) or SeSAME (seizures, sensorineural deafness, ataxia, mental retardation, and electrolyte imbalance) syndromes. In this review, we mainly focus on the expression and function of Kir4.1 channels in the inner ear and mutation-induced EAST/SeSAME syndromes to provide insight for understanding the pathogenesis of deafness induced by KCNJ10 deficiency.