PubMed 27317659

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv11.1 , Kv8.2 , Slo1

Title: Tyrosine residues from the S4-S5 linker of Kv11.1 channels are critical for slow deactivation.

Authors: Chai-Ann Ng, Andrée E Gravel, Matthew D Perry, Alexandre A Arnold, Isabelle Marcotte, Jamie I Vandenberg

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2016 Jun 17 , ,

PubMed link:

Slow deactivation of Kv11.1 channels is critical for its function in the heart. The S4-S5 linker, which joins the voltage sensor and pore domains, plays a critical role in this slow deactivation gating. Here, we use NMR spectroscopy to identify the membrane-bound surface of the S4S5 linker, and we show that two highly conserved tyrosine residues within the KCNH subfamily of channels are membrane-associated. Site-directed mutagenesis and electrophysiological analysis indicates that Tyr-542 interacts with both the pore domain and voltage sensor residues to stabilize activated conformations of the channel, whereas Tyr-545 contributes to the slow kinetics of deactivation by primarily stabilizing the transition state between the activated and closed states. Thus, the two tyrosine residues in the Kv11.1 S4S5 linker play critical but distinct roles in the slow deactivation phenotype, which is a hallmark of Kv11.1 channels.