PubMed 21708905

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Cysteine modification reveals which subunits form the ligand binding site in human heteromeric 5-HT3AB receptors.

Authors: A J Thompson, K L Price, S C R Lummis

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2011 Sep 1 , 589, 4243-57

PubMed link:

The ligand binding site of Cys-loop receptors is formed by residues on the principal (+) and complementary (-) faces of adjacent subunits, but the subunits that constitute the binding pocket in many heteromeric receptors are not yet clear. To probe the subunits involved in ligand binding in heteromeric human 5-HT(3)AB receptors, we made cysteine substitutions to the + and - faces of A and B subunits, and measured their functional consequences in receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. All A subunit mutations altered or eliminated function. The same pattern of changes was seen at homomeric and heteromeric receptors containing cysteine substitutions at A(R92) (- face), A(L126)(+), A(N128)(+), A(I139)(-), A(Q151)(-) and A(T181)(+), and these receptors displayed further changes when the sulphydryl modifying reagent methanethiosulfonate-ethylammonium (MTSEA) was applied. Modifications of A(R92C)(-)- and A(T181C)(+)-containing receptors were protected by the presence of agonist (5-HT) or antagonist (d-tubocurarine). In contrast modifications of the equivalent B subunit residues did not alter heteromeric receptor function. In addition a double mutant, A(S206C)(-)(/E229C)(+), only responded to 5-HT following DTT treatment in both homomeric and heteromeric receptors, indicating receptor function was inhibited by a disulphide bond between an A+ and an A- interface in both receptor types. Our results are consistent with binding to an A+A- interface at both homomeric and heteromeric human 5-HT(3) receptors, and explain why the competitive pharmacologies of these two receptors are identical.