Channelpedia

PubMed 25847402


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3 , TRPC4 , TRPC5 , TRPC6 , TRPC7



Title: Discovery and pharmacological characterization of a novel potent inhibitor of diacylglycerol-sensitive TRPC cation channels.

Authors: T Maier, M Follmann, G Hessler, H-W Kleemann, S Hachtel, B Fuchs, N Weissmann, W Linz, T Schmidt, M Löhn, K Schroeter, L Wang, H Rütten, C Strübing

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2015 Jul , 172, 3650-60

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25847402


Abstract
The cation channel transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 6 has been associated with several pathologies including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, pulmonary hypertension and ischaemia reperfusion-induced lung oedema. We set out to discover novel inhibitors of TRPC6 channels and investigate the therapeutic potential of these agents.A library of potential TRPC channel inhibitors was designed and synthesized. Activity of the compounds was assessed by measuring intracellular Ca(2+) levels. The lead compound SAR7334 was further characterized by whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. The effects of SAR7334 on acute hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) and systemic BP were investigated.SAR7334 inhibited TRPC6, TRPC3 and TRPC7-mediated Ca(2+) influx into cells with IC50 s of 9.5, 282 and 226 nM, whereas TRPC4 and TRPC5-mediated Ca(2+) entry was not affected. Patch-clamp experiments confirmed that the compound blocked TRPC6 currents with an IC50 of 7.9 nM. Furthermore, SAR7334 suppressed TRPC6-dependent acute HPV in isolated perfused lungs from mice. Pharmacokinetic studies of SAR7334 demonstrated that the compound was suitable for chronic oral administration. In an initial short-term study, SAR7334 did not change mean arterial pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).Our results confirm the role of TRPC6 channels in hypoxic pulmonary vasoregulation and indicate that these channels are unlikely to play a major role in BP regulation in SHR. SAR7334 is a novel, highly potent and bioavailable inhibitor of TRPC6 channels that opens new opportunities for the investigation of TRPC channel function in vivo.