PubMed 25998841

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.4 , Kir3.4

Title: NCI-H295R cell line as in vitro model of hyperaldosteronism lacks functional KCNJ5 (GIRK4; Kir3.4) channels.

Authors: Marie-Cécile Kienitz, Evanthia Mergia, Lutz Pott

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Cell. Endocrinol., 2015 Sep 5 , 412, 272-80

PubMed link:

As a major cause of aldosterone producing adenomas, numerous gain-of-function mutations in the KCNJ5 gene (encoding the K(+) channel subunit GIRK4) have been identified. The human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line NCI-H295R is the most frequently used cellular model for in vitro studies related to regulation of aldosterone-synthesis. Because of the undefined role of KCNJ5 (GIRK4) in regulating synthesis of aldosterone, we aimed at identifying basal and G protein-activated GIRK4 currents in this paradigmatic cell line. The GIRK-specific blocker Tertiapin-Q did not affect basal current. Neither loading of the cells with GTP-γ-S via the patch-clamp pipette nor agonist stimulation of an infected A1-adenosine receptor resulted in activation of GIRK current. In cells co-infected with KCNJ5, robust activation of basal and adenosine-activated inward-rectifying current was observed. Although GIRK4 protein can be detected in Western blots of H295R homogenates, we suggest that GIRK4 in aldosterone-producing cells does not form functional G(βγ)-activated channels.