Channelpedia

PubMed 25999786


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Slo1



Title: The Xanthine Derivative KMUP-1 Attenuates Serotonin-Induced Vasoconstriction and K⁺-Channel Inhibitory Activity via the PKC Pathway in Pulmonary Arteries.

Authors: Zen-Kong Dai, Yu-Wei Liu, Jong-Hau Hsu, Jwu-Lai Yeh, Ing-Jun Chen, Jiunn-Ren Wu, Bin-Nan Wu

Journal, date & volume: Int. J. Biol. Sci., 2015 , 11, 633-42

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25999786


Abstract
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a potent pulmonary vasoconstrictor that promotes pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation. 5-HT-induced K(+) channel inhibition increases [Ca(2+)]i in PASMCs, which is a major trigger for pulmonary vasoconstriction and development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This study investigated whether KMUP-1 reduces pulmonary vasoconstriction in isolated pulmonary arteries (PAs) and attenuates 5-HT-inhibited K(+) channel activities in PASMCs. In endothelium-denuded PA rings, KMUP-1 (1 μM) dose-dependently reduced 5-HT (100 μM) mediated contractile responses. Responses to KMUP-1 were reversed by K(+) channel inhibitors (TEA, 10 mM, 4-aminopyridine, 5 mM, and paxilline, 10 μM). In primary PASMCs, KMUP-1 also dose-dependently restored 5-HT-inhibited voltage-gated K(+)-channel (Kv1.5 and Kv2.1) and large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-channel (BKCa) proteins, as confirmed by immunofluorescent staining. Furthermore, 5-HT (10 μM)-inhibited Kv1.5 protein was unaffected by the PKA inhibitor KT5720 (1 μM) and the PKC activator PMA (1 μM), but these effects were reversed by KMUP-1 (1 μM), 8-Br-cAMP (100 μM), chelerythrine (1 μM), and KMUP-1 combined with a PKA/PKC activator or inhibitor. Notably, KMUP-1 reversed 5-HT-inhibited Kv1.5 protein and this response was significantly attenuated by co-incubation with the PKC activator PMA, suggesting that 5-HT-mediated PKC signaling can be modulated by KMUP-1. In conclusion, KMUP-1 ameliorates 5-HT-induced vasoconstriction and K(+)-channel inhibition through the PKC pathway, which could be valuable to prevent the development of PAH.