PubMed 26015265

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3 , Kir6.2

Title: The molecular mechanisms of sodium metabisulfite on the expression of K ATP and L-Ca2+ channels in rat hearts.

Authors: Quanxi Zhang, Yunlong Bai, Zhenhua Yang, Jingjing Tian, Ziqiang Meng

Journal, date & volume: Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 2015 Aug , 72, 440-6

PubMed link:

Sodium metabisulfite (SMB) is used as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent in a variety of drugs and foods. However, there are few reported studies about its side effects. This study is to investigate the SMB effects on the expression of ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) and L-type calcium (L-Ca(2+)) channels in rat hearts. The results show that the mRNA and protein levels of the KATP channel subunits Kir6.2 and SUR2A were increased by SMB; on the contrary, SMB at 520 mg/kg significantly decreased the expression of the L-Ca(2+) channel subunits Cav1.2 and Cav1.3. This suggests that SMB can activate the expression of KATP channel by increasing the mRNA and protein levels of Kir6.2 and SUR2A, while it inhibits the expression of L-Ca(2+) channels by decreasing the mRNA and protein levels of Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 in rat hearts. Therefore, the molecular mechanism of the SMB effect on rat hearts might be related to the increased expression of KATP channels and the decreased expression of L-Ca(2+) channels.