PubMed 26187694

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: The endocannabinoid, endovanilloid and nitrergic systems could interact in the rat dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter to control anxiety-like behaviors.

Authors: Priscila A Batista, Manoela V Fogaça, Francisco S Guimarães

Journal, date & volume: Behav. Brain Res., 2015 Oct 15 , 293, 182-8

PubMed link:

Cannabinoid compounds usually produce biphasic effects in the modulation of emotional responses. Low doses of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) injected into the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter (dlPAG) induce anxiolytic-like effects via CB1 receptors activation. However, at higher doses the drug loses this effect, in part by activating Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Type 1 (TRPV1). Activation of these latter receptors could induce the formation of nitric oxide (NO). Thus, the present study tested the hypothesis that at high doses AEA loses it anxiolytic-like effect by facilitating, probably via TRPV1 receptor activation, the formation of NO. Male Wistar rats received combined injections into the dlPAG of vehicle, the TRPV1 receptor antagonist 6-iodo-nordihydrocapsaicin or the NO scavenger carboxy-PTIO (c-PTIO), followed by vehicle or AEA, and were submitted to the elevated plus maze (EPM) or the Vogel conflict test (VCT). A low dose (5pmol) of AEA produced an anxiolytic-like effect that disappeared at higher doses (50 and 200pmol). The anxiolytic-like effects of these latter doses, however, were restored after pre-treatment with a low and ineffective dose of c-PTIO in both animal models. In addition, the combined administration of ineffective doses of 6-iodo-nordihydrocapsaicin (1nmol) and c-PTIO (0.3nmol) produced an anxiolytic-like response. Therefore, these results support the hypothesis that intra-dlPAG injections of high doses of AEA lose their anxiolytic effects by favoring TRPV1 receptors activity and consequent NO formation, which in turn could facilitate defensive responses.