Channelpedia

PubMed 26333338


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ2 , Kv7.2 , TRP



Title: Atomic basis for therapeutic activation of neuronal potassium channels.

Authors: Robin Y Kim, Michael C Yau, Jason D Galpin, Guiscard Seebohm, Christopher A Ahern, Stephan A Pless, Harley T Kurata

Journal, date & volume: Nat Commun, 2015 , 6, 8116

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26333338


Abstract
Retigabine is a recently approved anticonvulsant that acts by potentiating neuronal M-current generated by KCNQ2-5 channels, interacting with a conserved Trp residue in the channel pore domain. Using unnatural amino-acid mutagenesis, we subtly altered the properties of this Trp to reveal specific chemical interactions required for retigabine action. Introduction of a non-natural isosteric H-bond-deficient Trp analogue abolishes channel potentiation, indicating that retigabine effects rely strongly on formation of a H-bond with the conserved pore Trp. Supporting this model, substitution with fluorinated Trp analogues, with increased H-bonding propensity, strengthens retigabine potency. In addition, potency of numerous retigabine analogues correlates with the negative electrostatic surface potential of a carbonyl/carbamate oxygen atom present in most KCNQ activators. These findings functionally pinpoint an atomic-scale interaction essential for effects of retigabine and provide stringent constraints that may guide rational improvement of the emerging drug class of KCNQ channel activators.