Channelpedia

PubMed 26367199


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: A Girl With Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type 1B Due to Multiple Imprinting Defects.

Authors: Boudewijn Bakker, Laura J H Sonneveld, M Claire Woltering, Hennie Bikker, Sarina G Kant

Journal, date & volume: J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 2015 Nov , 100, 3963-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26367199


Abstract
Several patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) with multiple imprinting defects found by genetic analysis have been described. However, only two cases have been described with both genetic and clinical signs and symptoms of multiple diseases caused by imprinting defects.The girl in this case presented at the age of 6 months with morbid obesity (body mass index, +7.5 SDS) and a large umbilical hernia. Genetic analysis showed BWS (hypomethylation of the KCNQ1OT1 gene). Calcium homeostasis was normal, and she had no signs of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy. At the age of 10 years, she presented with fatigue, and laboratory analyses showed marked hypocalcemia with signs of PTH resistance, but without evidence for Albright hereditary osteodystrophy, thus suggesting pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1B. Consistent with this diagnosis, methylation analysis of the GNAS complex revealed hypomethylation (about 20%) of the GNAS exon 1A, NESPAS, and GNASXL loci and hypermethylation (100% methylation) of the NESP locus.Imprinting defects at several different loci can occur in some patients, thus causing multiple different diseases. Symptoms of pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1B may be absent at diagnosis of BWS, yet prolonged subclinical hypocalcemia and/or hyperphosphatemia can have negative consequences (eg, intracerebral calcifications, myocardial dysfunction). We therefore suggest that patients with an imprinting disorder should be monitored for elevations in PTH, and epigenetic analysis of the GNAS complex locus should be considered.