PubMed 26920687

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP

Title: Harnessing the Flow of Excitation: TRP, Voltage-Gated Na(+), and Voltage-Gated Ca(2+) Channels in Contemporary Medicine.

Authors: Roman V Frolov, Matti Weckström

Journal, date & volume: Adv Protein Chem Struct Biol, 2016 , 103, 25-95

PubMed link:

Cellular signaling in both excitable and nonexcitable cells involves several classes of ion channels. Some of them are of minor importance, with very specialized roles in physiology, but here we concentrate on three major channel classes: TRP (transient receptor potential channels), voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav), and voltage-gated calcium channels (Cav). Here, we first propose a conceptual framework binding together all three classes of ion channels, a "flow-of-excitation model" that takes into account the inputs mediated by TRP and other similar channels, the outputs invariably provided by Cav channels, and the regenerative transmission of signals in the neural networks, for which Nav channels are responsible. We use this framework to examine the function, structure, and pharmacology of these channel classes both at cellular and also at whole-body physiological level. Building on that basis we go through the pathologies arising from the direct or indirect malfunction of the channels, utilizing ion channel defects, the channelopathies. The pharmacological interventions affecting these channels are numerous. Part of those are well-established treatments, like treatment of hypertension or some forms of epilepsy, but many other are deeply problematic due to poor drug specificity, ion channel diversity, and widespread expression of the channels in tissues other than those actually targeted.