PubMed 26959170

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.4

Title: Computational Study of Binding of μ-Conotoxin GIIIA to Bacterial Sodium Channels NaVAb and NaVRh.

Authors: Dharmeshkumar Patel, Somayeh Mahdavi, Serdar Kuyucak

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2016 Mar 29 , 55, 1929-38

PubMed link:

Structures of several voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels from bacteria have been determined recently, but the same feat might not be achieved for the mammalian counterparts in the near future. Thus, at present, computational studies of the mammalian NaV channels have to be performed using homology models based on the bacterial crystal structures. A successful homology model for the mammalian NaV1.4 channel was recently constructed using the extensive mutation data for binding of μ-conotoxin GIIIA to NaV1.4, which was further validated through studies of binding of other μ-conotoxins and ion permeation. Understanding the similarities and differences between the bacterial and mammalian NaV channels is an important issue, and the NaV1.4-GIIIA system provides a good opportunity for such a comparison. To this end, we study the binding of GIIIA to the bacterial channels NaVAb and NaVRh. The complex structures are obtained using docking and molecular dynamics simulations, and the dissociation of GIIIA is studied through umbrella sampling simulations. The results are compared to those obtained from the NaV1.4-GIIIA system, and the differences in the binding modes arising from the changes in the selectivity filters are highlighted.