PubMed 15465033

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: The biochemical activation of T-type Ca2+ channels in HEK293 cells stably expressing alpha1G and Kir2.1 subunits.

Authors: Taehyun Kim, Juhyun Choi, Sunoh Kim, Ohyeun Kwon, Seung-Yeol Nah, Ye Sun Han, Hyewhon Rhim

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2004 Nov 5 , 324, 401-8

PubMed link:

In order to investigate the currently unknown cellular signaling pathways of T-type Ca(2+) channels, we decided to construct a new cell line which would stably express alpha(1G) and Kir2.1 subunits in HEK293 cells (HEK293/alpha(1G)/Kir2.1). Compared to cells which only expressed alpha(1G) (HEK293/alpha(1G)), HEK293/alpha(1G)/Kir2.1 cells produced an enormous inward rectifying current which was blocked by external Ba(2+) and Cs(+) in a concentration-dependent manner. The expression of Kir2.1 channels contributed significantly to the shift of membrane potential from -12.2+/-2.8 to -57.3+/-3.7mV. However, biophysical and pharmacological properties of alpha(1G)-mediated Ca(2+) channels remained unaffected by the expression of Kir2.1 subunits, except for the enlarging of the window current region. Biochemical activation of alpha(1G) channels using 150mM KCl brought about an increase in [Ca(2+)](i), which was blocked by mibefradil, the T-type Ca(2+) channel blocker. These data suggest that the HEK293/alpha(1G)/Kir2.1 cell line would have potential uses in the study of T-type Ca(2)(+) channel-mediated signaling pathways and possibly useful in the development of new therapeutic drugs associated with T-type Ca(2)(+) channels.