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PubMed 27059077


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK4



Title: IK1-enhanced human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes: an improved cardiomyocyte model to investigate inherited arrhythmia syndromes.

Authors: Ravi Vaidyanathan, Yogananda S Markandeya, Timothy J Kamp, Jonathan C Makielski, Craig T January, Lee L Eckhardt

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2016 Jun 1 , 310, H1611-21

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27059077


Abstract
Currently available induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPS-CMs) do not ideally model cellular mechanisms of human arrhythmic disease due to lack of a mature action potential (AP) phenotype. In this study, we create and characterize iPS-CMs with an electrically mature AP induced by potassium inward rectifier (IK1) enhancement. The advantages of IK1-enhanced iPS-CMs include the absence of spontaneous beating, stable resting membrane potentials at approximately -80 mV and capability for electrical pacing. Compared with unenhanced, IK1-enhanced iPS-CMs calcium transient amplitudes were larger (P < 0.05) with a typical staircase pattern. IK1-enhanced iPS-CMs demonstrated a twofold increase in cell size and membrane capacitance and increased DNA synthesis compared with control iPS-CMs (P < 0.05). Furthermore, IK1-enhanced iPS-CMs expressing the F97C-CAV3 long QT9 mutation compared with wild-type CAV3 demonstrated an increase in AP duration and late sodium current. IK1-enhanced iPS-CMs represent a more mature cardiomyocyte model to study arrhythmia mechanisms.