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PubMed 27116025


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , Kv11.1



Title: PK/PD Modelling of the QT Interval: a Step Towards Defining the Translational Relationship Between In Vitro, Awake Beagle Dogs, and Humans.

Authors: Eleonora Marostica, Karel Van Ammel, Ard Teisman, David Gallacher, Jan Van Bocxlaer, Filip De Ridder, Koen Boussery, An Vermeulen

Journal, date & volume: AAPS J, 2016 Apr 26 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27116025


Abstract
Inhibiting the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG)-encoded potassium ion channel is positively correlated with QT-interval prolongation in vivo, which is considered a risk factor for the occurrence of Torsades de Pointes (TdP). A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model was developed for four compounds that reached the clinic, to relate drug-induced QT-interval change in awake dogs and humans and to derive a translational scaling factor a 1. Overall, dogs were more sensitive than humans to QT-interval change, an a 1 of 1.5 was found, and a 10% current inhibition in vitro produced a higher percent QT-interval change in dogs as compared to humans. The QT-interval changes in dogs were predictive for humans. In vitro and in vivo information could reliably describe the effects in humans. Robust translational knowledge is likely to reduce the need for expensive thorough QT studies; therefore, expanding this work to more compounds is recommended.