PubMed 27168724

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPV

Title: Differential Effects of TRPA and TRPV Channels on Behaviors of Caenorhabditis elegans.

Authors: Jennifer Thies, Vanessa Neutzler, Fidelma O'Leary, He Liu

Journal, date & volume: J Exp Neurosci, 2016 , 10, 71-5

PubMed link:

TRPA and TRPV ion channels are members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily, which mediates various sensory transductions. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the TRPV channels are known to affect chemosensation, while the TRPA-1 channel is associated with thermosensation and mechanosensation. We examined thermosensation, chemosensation, and osmosensation in strains lacking TRPA-1 or TRPV channels. We found that TRPV channel knockout worms exhibited similar behavioral deficits associated with thermotaxis as the TRPA-1 channel knockout, suggesting a dual role for TRPV channels. In contrast, chemosensation responses, assessed by both avoidance reversal behavior and NaCl osmosensation, were dependent on TRPV channels but seemed independent of TRPA-1 channel. Our findings suggest that, in addition to TRPA-1 channel, TRPV channels are necessary for thermotaxis and may activate, or modulate, the function of TRPA-1 channels. In contrast, TRPA-1 channels do not have a dual responsibility, as they have no functional role in odorant avoidance or osmosensation.