Channelpedia

PubMed 27227068


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP



Title: Current understanding on the neurophysiology of behavioral thermoregulation.

Authors: Maria Camila Almeida, Robson Cristiano Lillo Vizin, Daniel Carneiro Carrettiero

Journal, date & volume: Temperature (Austin), 2015 Oct-Dec , 2, 483-90

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27227068


Abstract
Temperature influence on the physiology and biochemistry of living organisms has long been recognized, which propels research in the field of thermoregulation. With the cloning and characterization of the transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels as the principal temperature sensors of the mammalian somatosensory neurons, the understanding, at a molecular level, of thermosensory and thermoregulatory mechanisms became promising. Because thermal environment can be extremely hostile (temperature range on earth's surface is from ∼ -69°C to 58°C), living organisms developed an array of thermoregulatory strategies to guarantee survival, which include both autonomic mechanisms, which aim at increasing or decreasing heat exchange between body, and ambient and behavioral strategies. The knowledge regarding neural mechanisms involved in autonomic thermoregulatory strategies has progressed immensely compared to the knowledge on behavioral thermoregulation. This review aims at collecting the up-to-date knowledge on the neural basis for behavioral thermoregulation in mammals in order to point out perspectives and deployment of this research field.