PubMed 27255646

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Latent pathogenicity of the G38S polymorphism of KCNE1 K(+) channel modulator.

Authors: Yoshiaki Yamaguchi, Koichi Mizumaki, Yukiko Hata, Tamotsu Sakamoto, Yosuke Nakatani, Naoya Kataoka, Fukiko Ichida, Hiroshi Inoue, Naoki Nishida

Journal, date & volume: Heart Vessels, 2016 Jun 2 , ,

PubMed link:

KCNE1 encodes a modulator of KCNQ1 and KCNH2 channels. Although KCNE1(G38S), a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) causing a G38S substitution in KCNE1, is found frequently, whether and how this SNP causes long QT syndrome (LQTS) remains unclear. We evaluated rate-dependent repolarization dynamics using Holter electrocardiogram (ECG) to assess the pathogenicity of KCNE1(G38S). Forty-five patients exhibiting long QT intervals, as assessed by their baseline ECGs, and 16 control subjects were enrolled. KCNE1(G38S) carriers were identified using genome sequencing. LQTS patients were classified into LQT1 or LQT2 using genetic analysis or epinephrine test. QT-RR relations were determined using 24-h Holter ECG recordings. Among the 15 patients (33.3 %) with KCNE1(G38S), four patients without any mutations or amino acid changes in other major cardiac ion channels were categorized as KCNE1(G38S) carriers. In the QT-RR regression lines, the QT-RR slope was greater in the KCNE1(G38S) carriers and the LQT2 patients (0.215 ± 0.021 and 0.207 ± 0.032, respectively) than in the LQT1 patients (0.163 ± 0.014, P < 0.05) and the control subjects (0.135 ± 0.025, P < 0.001). The calculated QT intervals at an RR interval of 1200 ms were longer in the KCNE1(G38S) carriers and LQT1 and LQT2 patients than in the control subjects. Patients with KCNE1(G38S) had a rate-dependent repolarization abnormality similar to patients with LQT2 and, therefore, may have a potential risk to develop lethal arrhythmias.