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PubMed 25139742


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Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5



Title: Super-resolution imaging reveals that loss of the C-terminus of connexin43 limits microtubule plus-end capture and NaV1.5 localization at the intercalated disc.

Authors: Esperanza Agullo-Pascual, Xianming Lin, Alejandra Leo-Macias, Mingliang Zhang, Feng-Xia Liang, Zhen Li, Anna Pfenniger, Indra Lübkemeier, Sarah Keegan, David Fenyö, Klaus Willecke, Eli Rothenberg, Mario Delmar

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2014 Nov 1 , 104, 371-81

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25139742


Abstract
It is well known that connexin43 (Cx43) forms gap junctions. We recently showed that Cx43 is also part of a protein-interacting network that regulates excitability. Cardiac-specific truncation of Cx43 C-terminus (mutant 'Cx43D378stop') led to lethal arrhythmias. Cx43D378stop localized to the intercalated disc (ID); cell-cell coupling was normal, but there was significant sodium current (INa) loss. We proposed that the microtubule plus-end is at the crux of the Cx43-INa relation. Yet, specific localization of relevant molecular players was prevented due to the resolution limit of fluorescence microscopy. Here, we use nanoscale imaging to establish: (i) the morphology of clusters formed by the microtubule plus-end tracking protein 'end-binding 1' (EB1), (ii) their position, and that of sodium channel alpha-subunit NaV1.5, relative to N-cadherin-rich sites, and (iii) the role of Cx43 C-terminus on the above-mentioned parameters and on the location-specific function of INa.Super-resolution fluorescence localization microscopy in murine adult cardiomyocytes revealed EB1 and NaV1.5 as distinct clusters preferentially localized to N-cadherin-rich sites. Extent of co-localization decreased in Cx43D378stop cells. Macropatch and scanning patch clamp showed reduced INa exclusively at cell end, without changes in unitary conductance. Experiments in Cx43-modified HL1 cells confirmed the relation between Cx43, INa, and microtubules.NaV1.5 and EB1 localization at the cell end is Cx43-dependent. Cx43 is part of a molecular complex that determines capture of the microtubule plus-end at the ID, facilitating cargo delivery. These observations link excitability and electrical coupling through a common molecular mechanism.