PubMed 25231620

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Alteration of the mu opioid receptor: Ca2+ channel signaling pathway in a subset of rat sensory neurons following chronic femoral artery occlusion.

Authors: Bassil Hassan, Joyce S Kim, Mohamed Farrag, Marc P Kaufman, Victor Ruiz-Velasco

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurophysiol., 2014 Dec 15 , 112, 3104-15

PubMed link:

The exercise pressor reflex, a crucial component of the cardiovascular response under physiological and pathophysiological states, is activated via metabolic and mechanical mediators that originate from contracting muscles and stimulate group III and IV afferents. We reported previously that stimulation of mu opioid receptors (MOR), expressed in both afferents, led to a significant attenuation of the reflex in rats whose femoral arteries had been occluded for 72 h. The present study examined the effect of arterial occlusion on the signaling components involved in the opioid-mediated modulation of Ca(2+) channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating the triceps surae muscles. We focused on neurons that were transfected with cDNA coding for enhanced green fluorescent protein whose expression is driven by the voltage-gated Na(+) channel 1.8 (Na(V)1.8) promoter region, a channel expressed primarily in nociceptive neurons. With the use of a small interference RNA approach, our results show that the pertussis toxin-sensitive Gα(i3) subunit couples MOR with Ca(2+) channels. We observed a significant leftward shift of the MOR agonist [D-Ala2-N-Me-Phe4-Glycol5]-enkephalin concentration-response relationship in neurons isolated from rats with occluded arteries compared with those that were perfused freely. Femoral occlusion did not affect Ca(2+) channel density or the fraction of the main Ca(2+) channel subtype. Furthermore, Western blotting analysis indicated that the leftward shift did not result from either increased Gα(i3) or MOR expression. Finally, all neurons from both groups exhibited an inward current following exposure of the transient potential receptor vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) agonist, 8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide. These findings suggest that sensory neurons mediating the exercise pressor reflex express Na(V)1.8 and TRPV1 channels, and femoral occlusion alters the MOR pharmacological profile.