PubMed 25340625

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Cav2.2

Title: Myricetin inhibits the release of glutamate in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals.

Authors: Yi Chang, Chia-Ying Chang, Su-Jane Wang, Shu-Kuei Huang

Journal, date & volume: J Med Food, 2015 May , 18, 516-23

PubMed link:

The excessive release of glutamate is a critical element in the neuropathology of acute and chronic brain disorders. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect and possible mechanism of myricetin, a naturally occurring flavonoid with a neuroprotective profile, on endogenous glutamate release in the nerve terminals (synaptosomes) of the rat cerebral cortex. The release of glutamate was evoked by the K(+) channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and measured by one-line enzyme-coupled fluorometric assay. We also used a membrane potential-sensitive dye to assay the synaptosomal plasma membrane potential, and a Ca(2+) indicator Fura-2 to monitor cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]C). Results show that myricetin inhibited 4-AP-evoked glutamate release, and this effect was prevented by chelating extracellular Ca(2+) ions and the vesicular transporter inhibitor bafilomycin A1. However, the glutamate transporter inhibitor dl-threo-beta-benzyl-oxyaspartate had no effect on myricetin action. Myricetin did not alter the synaptosomal membrane potential, but decreased 4-AP-induced increases in the cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration. Furthermore, the myricetin effect on 4-AP-evoked glutamate release was prevented by blocking the Cav2.2 (N-type) and Cav2.1 (P/Q-type) channels, but not by blocking intracellular Ca(2+) release. These results suggest that myricetin inhibits glutamate release from cerebrocortical synaptosomes by attenuating voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. This implies that the inhibition of glutamate release is an important pharmacological activity of myricetin that may play a critical role in the apparent clinical efficacy of this compound.