PubMed 25377933

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Characterizing the PK/PD relationship for inhibition of capsaicin-induced dermal vasodilatation by MK-3207, an oral calcitonin gene related peptide receptor antagonist.

Authors: Chi-Chung Li, Steve Vermeersch, William S Denney, William P Kennedy, John Palcza, Adrianna Gipson, Tae H Han, Rebecca Blanchard, Inge De Lepeleire, Marleen Depré, M Gail Murphy, Kristien Van Dyck, Jan N de Hoon

Journal, date & volume: Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2015 May , 79, 831-7

PubMed link:

Calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists are effective acute migraine treatments. A capsaicin-induced dermal vasodilatation (CIDV) model has been developed to provide target-engagement information in healthy volunteers. In the model, CGRP release is provoked after dermal capsaicin application, by activating transient receptor potential vanilloid-type-1 (TRPV1) receptors at peripheral sensory nerves. Laser Doppler imaging is used to quantify CIDV and subsequent inhibition by CGRP receptor antagonists. We sought to evaluate a CGRP receptor antagonist, MK-3207, in the biomarker model and to assess the predictability of the CIDV response to migraine clinical efficacy.An integrated population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed to describe the exposure-response relationship for CIDV inhibition by CGRP and TRPV1 receptor antagonists. MK-3207 dose-response predictions were made based on estimated potency from the PK/PD model and mean plasma concentrations observed at the doses investigated.The results suggested that a 20 mg dose of MK-3207 (EC50 of 1.59 nm) would be required to attain the peripheral CIDV response at a target level that was shown previously to correlate with 2 h clinical efficacy based on phase 3 telcagepant clinical data, and that a plateau of the dose-response would be reached around 40-100 mg. These predictions provided a quantitative rationale for dose selection in a phase 2 clinical trial of MK-3207 and helped with interpretation of the efficacy results from the trial.The integrated CIDV PK/PD model provides a useful platform for characterization of PK/PD relationships and predictions of dose-response relationships to aid in future development of CGRP and TRPV1 receptor antagonists.