PubMed 25431172

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: A putative antipruritic mechanism of the phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor E6005 by attenuating capsaicin-induced depolarization of C-fibre nerves.

Authors: Hisashi Wakita, Masayoshi Ohkuro, Naoto Ishii, Ieharu Hishinuma, Manabu Shirato

Journal, date & volume: Exp. Dermatol., 2015 Mar , 24, 215-6

PubMed link:

E6005, a potent, selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibitor, has been developed as a novel topical agent of atopic dermatitis (AD). It has been shown to inhibit itching in patients with AD as well in mouse models. To study the mechanism underlying the anti-pruritic effect of E6005, we examined its effect on the activation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons associated with the itch sensation. Depolarization of DRG neurons by a transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV 1) activator, capsaicin was attenuated by E6005 as well as by a 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) elevator, forskolin. E6005 elevated intracellular levels of cAMP in DRG cells. Taken together, these results suggest that E6005 suppresses TRPV1-mediated C-fibre depolarization through elevation of cAMP levels, thereby exerting an anti-pruritic effect. Thus, E6005 shows the potential to be a new agent for managing pruritus in various skin disorders, including AD.