PubMed 14988065

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClvC4

Title: pCLCA1 lacks inherent chloride channel activity in an epithelial colon carcinoma cell line.

Authors: Matthew E Loewen, Lane K Bekar, Wolfgang Walz, George W Forsyth, Sherif E Gabriel

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 2004 Jul , 287, G33-41

PubMed link:

The effects of CLCA protein expression on the regulation of Cl(-) conductance by intracellular Ca(2+) and cAMP have been studied previously in nonepithelial cell lines chosen for low backgrounds of endogenous Cl(-) conductance. However, CLCA proteins have been cloned from, and normally function in, differentiated epithelial cells. In this study, we examine the effects of differentiation of the Caco-2 epithelial colon carcinoma cell line on modulation of Cl(-) conductance by pCLCA1 protein expression. Cl(-) transport was measured as (36)Cl(-) efflux, as transepithelial short-circuit currents, and as whole cell patch-clamp current-voltage relations. The rate of (36)Cl(-) efflux and amplitude of currents in patch-clamp studies after the addition of the Ca(2+) ionophore A-23187 were increased significantly by pCLCA1 expression in freshly passaged Caco-2 cells. However, neither endogenous nor pCLCA1-dependent Ca(2+)-sensitive Cl(-) conductance could be detected in 14-day-postpassage cells. In contrast to Ca(2+)-sensitive Cl(-) conductance, endogenous cAMP-dependent Cl(-) conductance does not disappear on Caco-2 differentiation. cAMP-dependent Cl(-) conductance was modulated by pCLCA1 expression in Caco-2 cells, and this modulation was observed in freshly passaged and in mature 14-day-postpassage Caco-2 cultures. pCLCA1 mRNA expression, antigenic pCLCA1 protein epitope expression, and pCLCA1 function as a modulator of cAMP-dependent Cl(-) conductance were retained through differentiation in Caco-2 cells, whereas Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) conductance disappeared. We conclude that pCLCA1 expression may increase the sensitivity of preexisting endogenous Cl(-) channels to Ca(2+) and cAMP agonists but apparently lacks inherent Cl(-) channel activity under growth conditions where endogenous channels are not expressed.