Channelpedia

PubMed 25619833


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: cacna2d2



Title: CACNA2D2 promotes tumorigenesis by stimulating cell proliferation and angiogenesis.

Authors: M Warnier, M Roudbaraki, S Derouiche, P Delcourt, A Bokhobza, N Prevarskaya, P Mariot

Journal, date & volume: Oncogene, 2015 Oct 16 , 34, 5383-94

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25619833


Abstract
In the present study, we have assessed whether a putative calcium channel α2δ2 auxiliary subunit (CACNA2D2 gene) could be involved in prostate cancer (PCA) progression. We therefore carried out experiments to determine whether this protein is expressed in PCA LNCaP cells and in PCA tissues, and whether its expression may be altered during cancer development. In addition, we evaluated the influence on cell proliferation of overexpressing or downregulating this subunit. In vitro experiments show that α2δ2 subunit overexpression is associated with increased cell proliferation, alterations of calcium homeostasis and the recruitment of a nuclear factor of activated T-cells pathway. Furthermore, we carried out in vivo experiments on immuno-deficient nude mice in order to evaluate the tumorigenic potency of the α2δ2 subunit. We show that α2δ2-overexpressing PCA LNCaP cells are more tumorigenic than control LNCaP cells when injected into nude mice. In addition, gabapentin, a ligand of α2δ2, reduces tumor development in LNCaP xenografts. Finally, we show that the action of α2δ2 on tumor development occurs not only through a stimulation of proliferation, but also through a stimulation of angiogenesis, via an increased secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor in cells overexpressing α2δ2.