PubMed 25724373

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4 , Nav1.4

Title: Phenotypic variability in childhood of skeletal muscle sodium channelopathies.

Authors: Harumi Yoshinaga, Shunichi Sakoda, Takashi Shibata, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Makio Oka, Jun-Hui Yuan, Hiroshi Takashima, Masanori P Takahashi, Tetsuro Kitamura, Nagako Murakami, Katsuhiro Kobayashi

Journal, date & volume: Pediatr. Neurol., 2015 May , 52, 504-8

PubMed link:

Mutations of the SCN4A gene cause several skeletal muscle channelopathies and overlapping forms of these disorders. However, the variability of the clinical presentation in childhood is confusing and not fully understood among pediatric neurologists.We found three different mutations (p.V445M, p.I693L, and a novel mutation, p.V1149L) in SCN4A but not in the CLCN1 gene. The patient with p.V445M showed the clinical phenotype of sodium channel myotonia, but her clear symptoms did not appear until 11 years of age. Her younger sister and mother, who have the same mutation, displayed marked intrafamilial phenotypic heterogeneity from mild to severe painful myotonia with persistent weakness. The patient with p.I693L exhibited various symptoms that evolved with age, including apneic episodes, tonic muscular contractions during sleep, fluctuating severe episodic myotonia, and finally episodic paralyses. The patient with the novel p.V1149L mutation exhibited episodic paralyses starting at 3 years of age, and myotonic discharges were detected at 11 years of age for the first time.The present cohort reveals the complexity, variability, and overlapping nature of the clinical features of skeletal muscle sodium channelopathies. These are basically treatable disorders, so it is essential to consider genetic testing before the full development of a patient's condition.