PubMed 25854863

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1

Title: Enhancing the Predictive Power of Mutations in the C-Terminus of the KCNQ1-Encoded Kv7.1 Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel.

Authors: Jamie D Kapplinger, Andrew S Tseng, Benjamin A Salisbury, David J Tester, Thomas E Callis, Marielle Alders, Arthur A M Wilde, Michael J Ackerman

Journal, date & volume: J Cardiovasc Transl Res, 2015 Apr , 8, 187-97

PubMed link:

Despite the overrepresentation of Kv7.1 mutations among patients with a robust diagnosis of long QT syndrome (LQTS), a background rate of innocuous Kv7.1 missense variants observed in healthy controls creates ambiguity in the interpretation of LQTS genetic test results. A recent study showed that the probability of pathogenicity for rare missense mutations depends in part on the topological location of the variant in Kv7.1's various structure-function domains. Since the Kv7.1's C-terminus accounts for nearly 50 % of the overall protein and nearly 50 % of the overall background rate of rare variants falls within the C-terminus, further enhancement in mutation calling may provide guidance in distinguishing pathogenic long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1)-causing mutations from rare non-disease-causing variants in the Kv7.1's C-terminus. Therefore, we have used conservation analysis and a large case-control study to generate topology-based estimative predictive values to aid in interpretation, identifying three regions of high conservation within the Kv7.1's C-terminus which have a high probability of LQT1 pathogenicity.