Channelpedia

PubMed 25872119


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK18 , Kir2.2 , Kir3.2 , Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv2.1 , Kv9.1 , Slo1



Title: Emerging potassium channel targets for the treatment of pain.

Authors: Christoforos Tsantoulas

Journal, date & volume: Curr Opin Support Palliat Care, 2015 Jun , 9, 147-54

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25872119


Abstract
Poor management of chronic pain remains a significant cause of misery with huge socioeconomic costs. Accumulating research in potassium (K+) channel physiology has uncovered several promising leads for the development of novel analgesics.We now recognize that certain K+ channel subunits are directly gated to pain-relevant stimuli (Kv1.1, K2P) whereas others are specifically modulated by inflammatory processes (Kv7, BKCA, K2P). Genetic analyses illustrate that K+ channel gene variation can predict pain sensitivity (KCNS1, GIRKs), risk for persistent pain (KCNS1, GIRKs, TRESK) and analgesic effectiveness (GIRK2). Importantly, preclinical studies confirm that K+ channel dysfunction can be a pain trigger in traumatic neuropathies (Kv9.1/Kv2.1, Kv7, Kv1.2) and migraine (TRESK). Finally, emerging data suggest that even pain in diabetes, bone cancer and autoimmune neuropathies may have K+ channel dysfunction constituents.There is a long-sought need for superior pharmacotherapy of pain syndromes. Although universal enhancement of K+ channel function in the periphery can decrease nociceptive excitability irrespective of the underlying cause, a more refined targeting of subunits with dominant nociceptive roles could yield highly efficacious treatments with fewer side-effects. The ongoing characterization of molecular interactions linking K+ channel dysfunction to pain is instrumental for identifying candidates with the most therapeutic potential.