Channelpedia

PubMed 26311765


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM2



Title: TRPM2, a Susceptibility Gene for Bipolar Disorder, Regulates Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Activity in the Brain.

Authors: Yongwoo Jang, Sung Hoon Lee, Byeongjun Lee, Seungmoon Jung, Arshi Khalid, Kunitoshi Uchida, Makoto Tominaga, Daejong Jeon, Uhtaek Oh

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2015 Aug 26 , 35, 11811-23

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26311765


Abstract
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a psychiatric disease that causes mood swings between manic and depressed states. Although genetic linkage studies have shown an association between BD and TRPM2, a Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel, the nature of this association is unknown. Here, we show that D543E, a mutation of Trpm2 that is frequently found in BD patients, induces loss of function. Trpm2-deficient mice exhibited BD-related behavior such as increased anxiety and decreased social responses, along with disrupted EEG functional connectivity. Moreover, the administration of amphetamine in wild-type mice evoked a notable increase in open-field activity that was reversed by the administration of lithium. However, the anti-manic action of lithium was not observed in the Trpm2(-/-) mice. The brains of Trpm2(-/-) mice showed a marked increase in phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), a key element in BD-like behavior and a target of lithium. In contrast, activation of TRPM2 induced the dephosphorylation of GSK-3 via calcineurin, a Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase. Importantly, the overexpression of the D543E mutant failed to induce the dephosphorylation of GSK-3. Therefore, we conclude that the genetic dysfunction of Trpm2 causes uncontrolled phosphorylation of GSK-3, which may lead to the pathology of BD. Our findings explain the long-sought etiologic mechanism underlying the genetic link between Trpm2 mutation and BD.Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental disorder that causes changes in mood and the etiology is still unknown. TRPM2 is highly associated with BD; however, its involvement in the etiology of BD is still unknown. We show here that TRPM2 plays a central role in causing the pathology of BD. We found that D543E, a mutation of Trpm2 frequently found in BD patients, induces the loss of function. Trpm2-deficient mice exhibited mood disturbances and impairments in social cognition. TRPM2 actively regulates the phosphorylation of GSK-3, which is a main target of lithium, a primary medicine for treating BD. Therefore, abnormal regulation of GSK-3 by hypoactive TRPM2 mutants accounts for the pathology of BD, providing the possible link between BD and TRPM2.